AMF literature review

Mycorrhizal associations between a fungus and a plant root are widespread in the natural environment. There are several different types of which the arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) is the most common.

Mycorrhizal fungi provide many benefits to the plant. Of most importance from an agricultural point of view, is improved nutrition that enhances growth and fitness of the plant and improved resistance to soil-borne pests and diseases.

This review, written in 2003 by Dr A Hodge (University of York), Dr P Gosling (HDRA - now Garden Organic), Dr G Goodlass (ADAS) and Dr G Bending (HRI), covers the following areas in the study of AMF:

  • Diversity
  • AM propagules, fungal culture and the common mycelial network (CMN)
  • Taxonomy and phylogeny of AM fungi (AMF)
  • Anatomy of AM mycorrhizas
  • Measurement and identification of AMs
  • AM root colonisation assessment
  • AM external hyphal length assessment and problems
  • Identification of AMF by molecular techniques
  • AMF in agriculture
  • Nutrition
  • Control of disease and pests
  • Water Relations
  • Soil Structure
  • Impact of agriculture on AMF
  • Fertilisers
  • Biocides
  • Tillage
  • Rotations
  • Organic amendments
  • Mycorrhiza in organic agriculture
  • Manipulation of AMF in Agriculture
  • Direct inoculation or native AMF?
  • Commercial availability
  • Biotechnology