These crunchy, nutritious root vegetables are one of our most versatile staples. Carrots can be grown in pots or in the ground, and come in an array of colours.
Growing calendar
Sow outdoors Feb-Jun
Harvest Jun-Nov

How to grow carrots

Regularly sowing seed 1cm deep in rows 10-15cm apart is the easiest way to grow carrots. Thin carrot seedlings to 7cm. Remove thinnings to avoid attracting carrot root fly. Choose deep sandy soil for long, straight roots.

Remove weeds by hand. Water fornightly in dry weather for steady growth. If left dry for too long, sudden watering or rain can cause the roots to split open.

Harvesting and using carrots

For the sweetest flavour, start lifting roots 12-16 weeks after sowing when they are small. Twist off the leaves rather than cutting. Carrots store well, and can be left in the ground over winter if covered with straw or cardboard.

Tips for growing carrots

Carrot fly larvae can make a meal of your carrots (and other roots). They leave rusty rings around the taproot, which can make them rot more easily and become inedible.

Sow after May, and harvest before August, to avoid the two generations of carrot flies; net crops; or sow companion plants such as parsley to muffle the carrot aroma, which attracts the egg-laying females. You can also sow in containers, so the crops are raised above the ground and avoid the fly runways.

Saving carrot seed

Carrots are biennial and in their second year produce spectacular ‘umbels’ made up of many tiny flowers. They will easily cross-pollinate with other carrots in flower, and also with the wild carrot, so need to be isolated. Read our full seed saving guidelines here.

Growing notes
Difficulty Easy
Germination time 17 days
Average time to harvest 10 weeks (early), 16 weeks (maincrop)
Equipment needed Horticultural fleece
Average plant size 30cm tall, 15cm wide
Family group Apiaceae: parsnip, celery
Latin name Daucus carota
Key nutritional content Vitamin A
Seed saving notes Biennial, needs isolation