Grown for their large edible flower buds, globe artichokes are easy to grow and beautiful to look at. In summer, bees throng to the flowers and in the autumn, their statuesque seedheads are loved by birds.
Growing calendar
Sow indoors Feb-Mar
Plant out April-June
Harvest Jun-Sep

A relative of the cardoon, globe artichokes are large perennial vegetables that produce edible flowerheads on giant stalks with silvery, spiky leaves. Lovely for the flower border and vegetable bed. The central leaves and heart can be cooked and eaten.

How to grow globe artichoke

Sow seed 1cm deep in pots, in a warm place indoors and transplant outdoors when the weather warms. You can also plant bare-root artichokes in spring.

Space plants 90cm apart and choose a fertile, sunny, sheltered site.

Water in prolonged dry weather. Mulch to conserve moisture. Protect roots with straw in colder areas.

Harvesting and using globe artichoke

Cut plump flower heads with short stems when the scales are still soft, green and tight - around early summer. Leave a few flowerheads for the wildlife.

Tips on growing globe artichoke

  • Replace or divide plants every three years for the best harvests.
  • Side shoots may produce a smaller second crop in later summer.
  • Cut back the foliage in winter, once the birds and insects have used the seedheads, and mulch.
Growing notes
Difficulty Easy
Germination time 7-14 days
Average time to harvest 18 months
Equipment needed Mulch with compost or straw
Average plant size 120cm tall, 90cm wide
Family group to grow with None (long term, perennial crop)
Key nutritional content Folate